Skip 
Navigation Link

1215 South Walnut Ave.
Demopolis, AL 36732 map map 

Access to Care: 1-800-239-2901

Health Policy & Advocacy
Resources
Basic InformationMore InformationLatest News
Doctors' Group Calls for Ban on Most Vaping ProductsAs Disease Outbreaks Tied to 'Anti-Vaxxers' Rise, States Take ActionAHA News: Millions Who Never Smoked Cigarettes Are Using Other Tobacco ProductsMost Docs Don't Know Hair Care Is a Barrier to Exercise for Black WomenHealth Tip: Do's and Don'ts for Calling 911Climate Change Will Hurt Kids Most, Report WarnsYou Won't Get Sued If You Do CPR, Review SuggestsRacial Bias Seen in Heart TransplantsTrump Administration Wants to Raise Age to Buy E-Cigs to 21Juul Stops Sales of Mint-Flavored E-CigarettesDo You Take Biotin Supplements? They Could Affect Your Medical TestsClimate Change a 'Threat to Human Well-Being,' Scientists SayAnti-Vaxxers Find Ways Around States' 'Personal Exemption' BansMedia Reports on Celeb Suicides Could Trigger CopycatsStill Way Too Much Smoking in Movies Aimed at KidsConsumers' Orders Changed Slightly After Calorie Counts Added to MenusReport Finds Americans' Health Is FlaggingAfter Mass Shootings, Docs Even Less Likely to Mention Gun SafetyBan on Sale of Sugary Drinks Trimmed Employees' WaistlinesAre You Accessing All Your Medical Records Online?Independent Pharmacies Are Closing Down Across the U.S.Language Barriers May Mean Repeat Visits to the HospitalInterest in CBD Products Keeps Soaring, but Health Experts WaryJuul Halts Sale of Fruit, Dessert Flavors of E-CigarettesShrinking Youth Group Aids Global Decline in HomicidesWhen Meds Are Free, Patients Take Them More OftenSpurred by Mass Shootings, More Americans View Mentally Ill as ViolentPacemakers, Insulin Pumps Could Be Hacking Targets: FDAAHA News: Make Neighborhoods Green for Heart Health? The Idea Is Taking RootPoll Finds Many Young Americans Think Vaping is SafeWhat Do Hospital Cyber Attackers Want to Know About You?U.S. Minorities' Recent Health Gains May Be SlowingPaid Family Leave Helps Keep Babies' Vaccines on Track: StudyDon't Let Fear of Cancer Keep You From Doctor VisitsMaker Halts Distribution of Generic Zantac Due to Possible CarcinogenCould Profit Be a Factor in Kidney Transplant Decisions?Get Up-to-the-Minute Safety Alerts Sent Straight to Your InboxPurdue Pharma to Settle Opioid Crisis Lawsuits, May Pay Up to $12 BillionDocs Prescribe More Opioids at Certain Time of DayFDA Warns Juul About Illegal Marketing Claims and Pitch to YouthComing Soon: A 'Pot Breathalyzer'?More CT, MRI Scans Being Used, Despite Calls to Cut BackCancer Overtakes Heart Disease as #1 Killer of Middle-Aged in Wealthy NationsOxyContin Maker Purdue Offering Up to $12 Billion to Settle Opioid ClaimsThousands of Kidneys Thrown Away by U.S. Transplant CentersJudge Orders Johnson & Johnson to Pay $572 Million Over Opioid Drug CrisisEvery Sudden Infant Death Deserves a Closer Look: ReportYour Chocolate Pot 'Edible' Could Hold a Hidden DangerCBD Is the Rage, But More Science Needed on Safety, EffectivenessMany Parents Would Switch Doctors Over Vaccination Policy, Poll Finds
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

Health Insurance
Healthcare

Researchers 'Spin' Clinical Trial Findings in Top Psych Journals: Study

HealthDay News
by -- Robert Preidt
Updated: Aug 6th 2019

new article illustration

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Summary results of clinical trials published in top journals are often exaggerated, a new review charges.

The review says such spin -- exaggerating the clinical significance of a treatment without statistics to back it up -- is common in abstracts published in leading psychology and psychiatry journals. And the authors warn it could be dangerous, because the abstracts could affect doctors' treatment decisions.

In the review, a team led by Samuel Jellison of the Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences in Tulsa, looked over the abstracts of 116 clinical trials published between 2012 and 2017 in six top psychology and psychiatry journals.

An abstract is a summary of a full study. The authors said researchers may use it to highlight, or spin, certain information.

The investigators limited their analysis to abstracts in which the primary results were not statistically significant.

The researchers found evidence of spin in 56% of the abstracts, including in titles (2%), results sections (21%) and conclusion sections (49%). In 17 trials (15%), spin was found in both the results and conclusion sections of the abstract.

Spin was more common in trials that compared a particular drug/behavioral therapy with a placebo treatment or usual care, the findings showed.

Industry funding was not associated with an increased chance of spin. Only 10 of the 65 clinical trials with spin had some level of industry funding.

The study was published Aug. 5 in the journal BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.

The researchers noted in a BMJ news release that their assessments of spin may have been subjective and that their findings may not be widely applicable to clinical trials published in all psychiatry and psychology journals.

Even so, they wrote: "Researchers have an ethical obligation to honestly and clearly report the results of their research. Adding spin to the abstract of an article may mislead physicians who are attempting to draw conclusions about a treatment for patients. Most physicians read only the article abstract the majority of the time."

In addition, they noted, "Those who write clinical trial manuscripts know that they have a limited amount of time and space in which to capture the attention of the reader. Positive results are more likely to be published, and many manuscript authors have turned to questionable reporting practices in order to beautify their results."

More information

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more on clinical trials.