Skip 
Navigation Link

1215 South Walnut Ave.
Demopolis, AL 36732 map map 

Access to Care: 1-800-239-2901




1215 South Walnut Ave.
Demopolis, AL 36732
334.289.2410 
334.289.2416 (fax)


powered by centersite dot net
Medical Disorders
Resources
Basic InformationLookupsLatest News
CDC Panel Says It Needs More Time to Study J&J Vaccine Clotting CasesResearch Shows Links Between Gum Disease and Alzheimer'sNo Rise in Global Suicide Rate in First Months of PandemicNewborns Won't Get COVID Through Infected Mom's Breast Milk: StudyPandemic Has Put Many Clinical Trials on HoldStressed, Exhausted: Frontline Workers Faced Big Mental Strain in Pandemic'Heart-in-a-Box' Can Be Lifesaving, Matching Up Distant Donors With PatientsPublic Lost Trust in CDC During COVID Crisis: PollNearly 8 in 10 School, Child Care Staff Have Gotten at Least 1 Dose of COVID Vaccine: CDCStrain of COVID Care Has Many Health Professionals Looking for an ExitHow Willing Are Americans to Donate COVID Vaccines to Other Countries?Biden Administration Working on 'Vaccine Passport' InitiativeStates Race to Vaccinate Their ResidentsStudy Finds Growing Acceptance of COVID Vaccine by U.S. Health Care WorkersTalks With Doctors May Be Key to Vaccine Acceptance: StudyAs U.S. Vaccinations Rise, Are 'Vaccine Passports' for Americans Coming?'Race Gap' in U.S. Heart Health Has Changed Little in 20 Years: ReportPeople With Intellectual Disabilities at High Risk for Fatal COVID-19Driven by Anti-Vaxxers, Measles Outbreaks Cost Everyone MoneyAHA News: Dementia May Be a Risk Factor for Infection But Not Death From COVID-19Pandemic Stress Has Americans Gaining Weight, Drinking More: PollScams Await Many Americans Desperate to Get COVID VaccineEven 1 Concussion May Raise Your Odds for Dementia LaterGlobal Warming Could Make Survival in Tropics Impossible: StudyWildfire Smoke Is Especially Toxic to Lungs, Study ShowsPandemic Stress Has More Americans Grinding Their TeethCDC Issues New Guidelines for Vaccinated AmericansHow Moving the Homeless to Hotels During the Pandemic Helps EveryoneFormaldehyde in Hair Straighteners Prompts FDA WarningPandemic Is Hitting Hospitals Hard, Including Their Bottom LineMental Health 'Epidemic' Threatens Communities of Color Amid COVID-19Got a Vaccine-Skeptical Relative? Here's How to Talk to Them1 in 3 Americans Delayed, Skipped Medical Care During PandemicHealth Care After COVID: A New Focus on Infectious DiseasesSilent Killer: Watch Out for Carbon Monoxide Dangers This WinterMost Americans Unhappy With U.S. Vaccine Rollout: PollAHA News: Surviving COVID-19 Survivor's GuiltTense Times Mean More Tooth-Grinding, Dentists WarnAnti-Vaxxers Mounting Internet Campaigns Against COVID-19 ShotsCOVID Vaccine Advised for Alzheimer's Patients, Their CaregiversPromising Steps Toward Retinal Cell Transplants to Fight BlindnessBiden Says He Will Release All Vaccine Doses After Taking OfficeMoves, Evictions Often Trigger Harmful Breaks in Health Care: StudySurvey Shows Mental Woes Spiked in U.S. Pandemic's First MonthsSome Americans Can't Access Telemedicine, Study ShowsHealth Care After COVID: The Rise of TelemedicineMasks Do Make Faces Harder to Recognize, Study ShowsPandemic Taking Big Mental Health Toll on Health Care WorkersCan Mindfulness Help Ease Migraine?Pandemic Tied to Higher Suicide Rate in Blacks, Lowered Rate in Whites: Study
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

Cancer
Men's Health
Women's Health

Driven by Anti-Vaxxers, Measles Outbreaks Cost Everyone Money

HealthDay News
by By Amy Norton HealthDay Reporter
Updated: Mar 12th 2021

new article illustration

FRIDAY, March 12, 2021 (HealthDay News) -- A single measles outbreak cost one U.S. county $3.4 million, a new government study estimates, underscoring the societal burden of inadequate vaccination rates.

The outbreak occurred in Clark County, Wash., in early 2019, and ultimately infected 71 people -- mostly children younger than 10 who hadn't received the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine.

The county's low MMR coverage is believed to have left it vulnerable, according to Jamison Pike, a researcher at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who led the study.

Around the time of the outbreak, 81% of 1- to 5-year-olds in the county had received one MMR dose, and 78% of older kids had received both doses. In contrast, an average of 94% of kindergarteners nationwide had received both MMR doses.

The misery -- and danger -- of measles is well documented. The viral infection causes a high fever, cough, runny nose and rash. In some cases it leads to complications like pneumonia and swelling of the brain.

According to the CDC, about 20% of Americans who contract measles end up in the hospital, while 1 to 3 in every 1,000 die.

But there is also an economic toll, Pike said. When an outbreak strikes, public health agencies jump into action, performing testing, contact tracing and vaccination of susceptible people.

Then, Pike said, there is the lost productivity when people exposed to measles have to quarantine, or stay home to care for a sick family member. During the Clark County outbreak, 839 people went into quarantine -- with three weeks being the recommended duration.

Pike and her colleagues estimate that the public health response alone cost about $2.3 million. Productivity losses, meanwhile, added up to just over $1 million. Direct medical costs tacked on another $76,000.

While the number of measles cases was not huge, at 71, each case cost the county more than $47,000, the CDC team estimates.

Yet those figures do not capture the full bill, according to Pike. For one, the Clark County outbreak was linked to additional measles cases, in Oregon and faraway Georgia.

It's also hard to account for all the societal costs, Pike said. As one example, a measles outbreak can divert resources from routine public health services, such as nutrition programs and surveillance of other diseases.

"There are ripple effects," Pike said. "It's not only the infectious disease that spreads."

Dr. Jessica Cataldi wrote an editorial published with the study March 12 in Pediatrics. She agreed it's important to understand the economic fallout of measles outbreaks.

"It really does reflect the shared impact in the community," said Cataldi, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Children's Hospital Colorado and University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora.

Due to the pandemic, she said, many people now grasp the burden of quarantining and needing time off from work to recover from illness or care for a family member.

But the broader public health response to disease outbreaks, which are publicly funded, also affects the community, Cataldi said.

The year of the Clark County outbreak, 2019, was a bad measles year for the United States. The country saw its highest number of cases since 1992, according to the CDC. The largest outbreak occurred in New York, primarily affecting a Brooklyn Orthodox Jewish community with low vaccination rates.

In the United States, the CDC says, measles outbreaks generally happen when a traveler brings the virus into the country, and it then spreads among clusters of unvaccinated people -- often fostered by "anti-vaxxer" sentiment among some parents.

Cataldi said measles is highly contagious -- much more so than COVID-19, in fact. So even a small decline in MMR coverage can make a community vulnerable.

"This is why we vaccinate," Cataldi said.

During the pandemic, when many U.S. children were not getting routine checkups, vaccination rates plummeted.

If your child fell behind on the recommended vaccine schedule, Cataldi said, "now is the time to get caught up."

Parents can make the mistake of believing they do not need to vaccinate their child because other people are vaccinated. But, Pike said, when enough people take that position, herd protection wanes.

One difficulty, she noted, is actually locating the "under-vaccinated pockets" that dot the United States, to better understand what is going on in those places. Those pockets may not become apparent until a disease outbreak hits.

More information

The American Academy of Pediatrics has more on measles.

SOURCES: Jamison Pike, MS, PhD, health economist, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta; Jessica Cataldi, MD, pediatric infectious disease specialist, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora; Pediatrics, March 12, 2021, online